Islamic concepts

Islamic concepts

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ʿ
ʿAqalu عَقَ — to reason, be sensible, use your intellect, think logically, be intelligent
ʿAlaq — clump, clot, embryo
ʿAwrah عورة — nudity
ʿAqīdah عقفدة — Islamic beliefs, belief system, theology, doctrine
ʿAmila — to do, work
ʿAbāyah عباية‎ — long, robe-like dress, caftan, (loose) robe, robe-like dress, tunic
ʿAẓīm — great, magnificent, grand, lofty, sublime, awesome
ʿAbd — humble servant, worshipper, dependant (of Allāh), subject, worker, helper
ʿArsh — throne
ʿAjz — helplessness, disability
ʿAzm — resolve, determination, willpower
ʿAhd عهد — pledge, promise
ʿAlim — person of religious knowledge, religious scholar
ʿĀdah عادة — ordinary, habitual, secular (activities or experience)
ʿĀlam عالم — world, realm
ʿĀfiyah — wellness, well-being, welfare, security, safety, comfort, quality of life
ʿIddah عدة‎ — post-marital waiting period
ʿIllah — effective or operative cause, reason
ʿIlm al-Akhlāq — the discipline of virtue, the science of manners
ʿIbādah — worship, humble servitude, religious service, devotion
ʿIfrīt — a powerful occult creature
ʿIlm علم — knowledge
ʿĪd — Eid, festival, a day of celebration
ʿUmrah — minor pilgrimage
ʿUlūm al-Dunyawīyah العلوم الدنيوية — worldly sciences
ʿUsr
ʿUnuq — neck
ʿUdwān عُدْوَٰن — hostility, aggression
ʿāqir — infertile, barren, sterile
A
Aʿrāb — desert nomad
Aʿlá أعلى — supreme, highest, most high, on top, sublime
Aadda
Ahata
Asarra
Atamma
Aḍalla — to mislead, let go astray
Adab — manners, etiquette, good behaviour
Aḥad — one and unique; a single one; indivisible
Amal
Aḥsan أحسن — the better, best (aspect)
Akbar — great, important
Albab
Ansar
Ahbab
Asbab
Ahwāʾ
Akhraja أَخْرَجَ — to bring out, drive out, take out, expel, extract
Ahl al-Fatrah أهل الفترة — people of the gap?
Ahl al-Kitāb — People of the Book, those who follow earlier scriptures
Ahl al-Sunnah wa-al-Jamāʿah — mainstream Sunnī Islam
Ajila
Akhdan
Asghar
Asmā al-Ḥusná — most beautiful names (of Allāh)
Amīr أمير, Amīrah أميرة
Abū — father; (used for nicknames)
Adhān — call to prayer
Ayn
Ajr
Aql
Allāh ﷲ‎ — the Divine, the unique God, the Real, Fate
Akhlāq — morals, good character, social manners?, ethics
Ajibu
Ahl أَهْل — family, people, household, inhabitants
Aḥkām — rules and guidelines
Amr أَمْر — command, initiative, authority
Arḥām — womb
Aṣl أصل — origin, root
aflaḥa — to be successful, prosper
al-Dajjal
al-Qurʾān القرآن‎ — the Qurʾān, the Recital, the Recitation
al-Raḥman al-Raḥīm — of infinite and continuous Compassion
al-Shayṭān — the Evil One, the Misleader, the Distractor
aqīqah (عقيقة) — baby shower
Āyah — wondrous sign, majestic work (of Allāh), miraculous sign; verse
Ākhirah — the Next World, afterlife, hereafter, the life to come
B
Barakah برة — blessing; abundance of divine benefits (in something)
Baya
Bayah
Balaw
Baṣar — vision, sight; insight, enlightenment, discernment
Balāʾ بَلَآء — trial, test, hardship
Badīʿ — Originator
Baddala
Basmalah بسملة‎ — the phrase ‘bismillāh’
Barzakh —
Baghtat
Banī Isrāʾīl — descendents of Israel
Bayyinah بينة — clear signs, clear proof, evidence
Balāghah البلاغة — rhetoric, reach, impact
Bidʿah بدعة — religious invention, invented practice
Burqaʿ
Buruj
Birr —
Bāṭil باطل — falsehood
Buhtān بهتان — false accusation, slander, smear tactic
Bāṭin باطن — inward, inner essence, intrinsic nature, true nature, inside
Būq — trumpet
D
Daʿwah — calling, inviting people (to better understand Islam)
Darajah —
Dahikat
Dai
Dahr
Dalil
Duʿāʾ — plea, request, personal prayer, call out to (for your needs)
Dhahaba
Dhakara — to remember, mention, remind oneself of (Allāh)
Dhabīḥah — ritual slaughter
Dhawq — taste, direct experience
Dhanb — sin
Dhiʾb — wolf
Dīyah دية‎ —
Dār al-ʿUlūm دار العلوم‎ — seminary
Dhū al-Ḥijjah
Dirham — silver coin
Dhurriyyah
Dhimmī ذمي — protected non-Muslim citizen
Dub
Dhikr
Durud
Dīn — (complete) way of life, comprehensive system, religion, accountability
Dīnār — gold coin
Dunyā — this world; the material world; mundane, secular
Ḍaraba — to strike, set forth, present
Ḍarrah — sister-wife, co-wife
Ḍāqa — stress?
Ḍurr — hardship, adversity
E
Eid
F
Faʿʿāl doer, executor
Faʿala — to do, to act
Fatara
Fana Fillah
Falak — path of a celestial body
Falaq
Fanāʾ فناء‎ — dissolution, effacement
Fal Hasan
Fariha
Farḍ فرض — (clearly) mandatory
Fariḥ — happiness
Farj
Fajr فجر — dawn
Fatwá — educated opinion, legal opinion
Fawz — success
Faqīr — poor person
Faqīh – expert on the rules of Islam
Faḍl فضل — privilege, bounty, preferential, bonus
Fuʾād فُؤَاد — mental heart?, mind, intelligence, intellect, heart
Furat
Furūʿ al-Fiqh — branches of fiqh
Firdaws — the Empyrean
Fiṭrah – underlying human nature
Fiṭrah — inner disposition, innate human nature, human predisposition towards Islam, innate disposition to Islam, natural disposition, innate character, natural instinct to recognize Allah
Fitnah — trouble, strife, turmoil, commotion, temptation, tribulations, problems, upheaval
Fāḥishah فاحشة — sexually inappropriate actions
Furqān فرقان — criterion, differentiator, standard, discernment
Fiqh — (study of) the rules system of Islam
Fāsiq — stubbornly sinful, delinquent, recalcitrant; rebellious and disobedient
G
Ghayrah — jealousy
Gharra — to deceive
Ghaflah — forgetfulness, inattention, negligence, heedlessness
Ghamm
Gharur
Ghayb غَيب — Hidden Realities, what is hidden, the Unknowable, Unexplainable, the Absent, mystery? occult?, the invisible world
Ghībah غيبة — saying bad things behind someone’s back
Ghill
Ghusl — full ritual washing; ritual shower
Ghāzī — soldier
Ghurūr — delusion, illusion
H
Halqa
Hawiya — the Bottomless Pit, the Abyss
Hazz
Harth
Haqq — truth, reality, rightness
Hawá هوى — desire, inclination, whim, fancy, fantasy
Hadá هَدَى — to guide
Hudhayfah
Hirra — cat
Himma
Hijrah — migration
Huruf Al Muqattaah
Hārut wa-Mārut — names of two angels
Huzu
Hukm
Hijr
Hudud
Hud′hud — hoopoe
Ḥasara — to complain? to tire?
Ḥalaqah — study circle
Ḥaraj — difficulty, hardship, discomfort
Ḥayāʾ حَيَاء — modesty, shyness, shame
Ḥalqah — study circle
Ḥabl al-Warīd — jugular vein
Ḥalālah
Ḥajj حج — pilgrimage, spiritual journey
Ḥarb — war
Ḥamā — black, fetid mud
Ḥadīth حديث — traditional report of what Muḥammad did, said or approved
Ḥarīm — privacy of a woman’s home
Ḥarām — not allowed, forbidden; sacred, inviolable
Ḥalīm — tolerant, forbearing, lenient
Ḥalāl حلال — allowed
Ḥamd حمد —
Ḥakīm — wise
Ḥanīf — true monotheist
Ḥabl حبل — lifeline, rope, cord, thread
Ḥ-J-J — to argue, to complain?
Ḥīlah حِيلَة — clever way out, clever trick, plan, stratagem
Ḥishmah — modesty, reserve, discretion, decorum
Ḥijāb حجاب — layer, (layer of) separation, cover
Ḥubb — love for Allāh (and his Messenger)
Ḥāfiẓ — memorizer (of the Qurʾān)
I
Iʿtikāf – spiritual retreat
Ila
Imraʾah — woman, girl; wife
Itmaanna
Ittabaa
Istajala
Ibtagha
Ibra
Insan
Izzah
Ihram
Inna إِنَّ — really
Islamic concepts
Isrāʾ — Muḥammad’s Night Journey
Iḥyāʾ — revival
Istiʿānah
Istiʿādhah استعاذة — seeking Allāh’s protection
Ijmāʿ — consensus
Ijāzah — Islamic licence, permission
Iqāmah — the second call to prayer
Ibn Ādam ان آهم — descendant of Ādam; human being
Istiqamah
Iḥtālam — puberty
Istisharah
Istihsan
Istinjāʾ — hygiene after using restroom
Imām — Muslim leader
Istikhārah — seeking good from Allāh
Iblīs — Satan, Lucifer
Ins — human being, person
Ishq
Insun
Injīl — the Gospel (revealed to the prophet Jesus)
Ifṭār — post-fast meal
Ilhām — inspiration
Ijtihād
Ithim —
Isnād اسناد — chain of transmission
Istikbār — self-importance
Ikhtilāṭ إختلاط — social mingling between genders
Ikhlāṣ — sincerity
Ithm إِثم — sin, misdeed, moral wrongdoing
Ikrāh إِكْرَاه — compulsion
Iḥsān إِحسَان — excellence, doing what is beautiful, spirituality, virtue, perfection
Iṣlāḥ — reforming, correcting
Ikhtilāf — difference, diversity
Illā — unless, if not, except (for)
Ilāh إلة — something worshipped, something you ultimately serve and obey
Islām إسلام — letting go, yielding, submitting (to the will of Allāh)
Īmān — confidence, secure belief, Securing, conviction
J
Jahannam — Gehenna, Hell
Jahadu
Jannah — Garden of Paradise
Jazuan
Janāzah — Islamic funeral
Janābah — state of ritual impurity
Jaḥīm — glaring Inferno
Jamīl — beautiful, best, most fitting
J-H-L
Jāhada — to put in full effort, do extra effort, strive, endeavour, struggle, try really hard
Jihad Al Akbar
Jihad
Jārah جَارَة — sister-wife
Jumuʿa — Friday congregation
Jumuʿah — Friday
Jihād al-Nafs — struggle against the self
Jāhilīyah — pre-Islamic ignorance, uncivilized, barbarism, foolishness, being unaware, not knowing any better, shallowness, savagery
Jinnī — a type of occult creature, sentient force, hidden force, invisible being, creature of the spirit world
Juz
Jund
Jilbāb — loose outer garment, woman’s outer clothing
K
Karama
Kafara — to be ungrateful, to reject, deny
Kalam
Kasal كَسَل — laziness
Karrah
Kalimah Sawa
Kalimah كلمة — word, phrase, saying
Kabīrah كبيرة — major sin
Kafir
Kalb — dog
Kashf — deep mystical insight, illumination, intuition
Kadhib — lie
Kayd — trick, scheme, scheming, plotting
Khabar Al Wahid
Khafa
Khaṭīʾah خطيئة — sin
Khalifa
Khalīfah — successor, next one in charge, next leader, representative, steward, trustee
Khashiya خَشِىَ — to stand in awe
Khawd
Khayr
Khashi
Kitab Al Muqaddas
Khulaʿ خلع‎
Khilaf
Khālah خالة — maternal aunt
Khuḍūʿ — yielding, submissiveness
Khinzab
Khuṭbah خطبة — sermon
Kutub al-Ḥadīth al-Sittah كتب الحديث الستة — six ḥadīth collections
Kibr
Khimār — head cover
Khushu
Kursī — pedestal, footstool, chair
Kufr كفر — ungratefulness; rejection of faith; denial and rejection of Islam; ungratefulness
Kitāb — book, scripture
L
Laʿib – play, games, fun, amusement
Laana
Lanat Allah
Laylat al-Qadr لیلة القدر — Night of Destiny
Lawh Al Mahfuz
Lahū — idle pastime, entertainment, fun, distraction
Laghū — useless talk and activity, frivolous or meaningless talk, wasting time, empty talk
Laṭīf — kind, subtle
Liʿān لعان‎ —
Lughah
Lā ilāha illallāh — There is none worthy of worship but Allāh
Lisān — tongue
Libās — clothing
M
Maʿrifah — gnosis, direct knowledge of the Divine
Maʿrūf — what is right, appropriate
Malak Al Mawt
Maḥabbah — love
Mawaddah مودة — love
Makan
Matāʿ — reasonable gift, maintenance
Mawlana
Maṣlaḥah مصلحة — public interest
Mathal مثل — example, analogy, imagery, allegory
Maytah
Maghazi
Maktab — elementary school
Maḥram محرم — unmarriageable relative; close relative of opposite gender
Manhaj منهج — methodology
Mathābah — place of return, place of assembly, meeting place, retreat, refuge, resort, focal point
Madh′hab — methodology, school (of thought)
Mahr — marriage gift (from groom to bride)
Malāk ملاك
Mawt — death
Mawlá — protector, master, patron
Majnūn — crazy, insane, mad
Marid
Madhī
Masjid — mosque; place of prayer, house of worship
Majīd — glorious
Maghrib — evening, sunset
Makrūh — disliked, frowned upon, offensive
Muʾadhdhin مؤذن‎ — person who says the call to prayer
Māʾ — water
Mūʾmin مؤمن, Mūʾminah مؤمنة — believer; faithful Muslim
Miʿzafah — musical instrument
Miʿrāj — Muḥammad’s ascent and journey
Muamalat
Mukatadah
Muḥarram
Mukallaf مكلف — legally competent, religiously responsible
Muṣallá — small place of prayer, prayer place
Mujaddid
Mirāʾ مراء — dispute, argument, doubt
Muntaqabah
Mustaḥabb مستحب — recommended, encouraged
Misbaḥah — prayer beads
Mukhalafūn — those who stay or lag behind
Mustakrah
Mukhannath مخنث — feminine one, (type of) gender-variant person
Mulla — Shia cleric?
Millah
Misyar
Muqtaṣid moderate
Muhdath
Mudhabhib
Murtadd مرتد — ex-Muslim, deserter, renegade, apostate, defector
Mubāhalah مباهلة —
Muṣībah — hardship, problem, misfortune, affliction; disaster, tragedy, calamity
Mukhtalif مختلف — diverse
Mubārak مبارك — blessed; imbued with abundant divine benefits
Mus′ḥaf مصحف‎ — codex, printed edition (of the Qurʾān)
Muslim, Muslimah — practising Muslim
Miṣbāḥ — lamp, star
Mubīn — clear, plain
Munāfiq — weasel, faker, hypocrite
Mubāḥ — neutral, indifferent, neither good nor bad, it can happen
Mufsid
Mīthāq — covenant, solmn promise, pledge
Murshid
Māturīdī
Mālik — supreme ruler, absolute ruler, sovereign, commander
Musrif — excessive sinner
Miswāk — toothbrush, toothpick
Muftī — rules interpreter, rules consultant
Mushrik — idol worshipper; one who commits Shirk
Muḥsin – one/those who excel, those who do what is good and beautiful
Mulk — dominion, control, kingdom, sovereignty, rulership
N
Nafaa
Nafaqah — financial support (from husband)
Nazafah
Naṣab — fatigue
Namlah — ant
Naṣranī — Christian
Nadrah
Nasiya
Nasihah
Naml — ant; harmless little creature
Naḥnu نحن — in My Majesty, I; My Majesty
Najm
Naskh نسخ — abrogation
Najis — ritually unclean, foul, nasty
Nafl — voluntary, optional, supererogatory
Naṣṣ text, sacred text
Nahj — well-trodden path
Naffāthāt — knot-blowers
Nabī نبي — prophet; informer, communicator sent by Allāh
Nafs نفس — ego, the (inner) self
Nuʿās — drowsiness
Nikah Misyar
Nisab
Nīyah نیّة — intention
Nisāʾ — women, girls; wives
Nikkah
Nubuwah
Nās — humanity, human beings, people
Niqāb — face veil
Nūr — light, radiance, brilliance, illumination, glow
Nikāḥ نكاح‎ — marriage agreement; official commitment (to a relationship)
Nifāq — hypocrisy, weaselling out
Nār — hellfire
P
Poet
Q
Qatala
Qawarira
Qasat — hardened
Qalam
Qaṣaṣ — story, account, narration
Qanaṭu — to despair, give up hope, lose hope
Qaḍāʾ — making up for (a missed ritual)
Qawwam
Qawm Lut
Qaylūlah — prophetic power nap, midday siesta
Qalb قلب — the heart, the mind, the gut, soul, spiritual centre
Qarīb — near, close (in time, place or relationship)
Qadir
Qanut
Qawām — moderate
Qadr — destiny, predestination, fate, measuring out; what Allāh has arranged or set up
Qital
Quwah
Qirāʾah — (way of) reading, (style of) reciting (the Qurʾān)
Qārīʾ — reciter (of the Qurʾān)
Qurrat Aʿyunin — joy, comfort to our eyes
Qurrah
Qiblah — the direction of the Kaʿbah in Makkah
Qiyās
Qurbá
Qudus
Qiṣāṣ –
R
Raʾy — opinion
Rakaʿah ركعة — unit of prayer
Razaqa
Raqabah — neck; slave, captive
Ramaḍān رمضان‎ — month of fasting and self-control
Raḥmah رَحْمَة — mercy, relief, gift, compassion, benevolence, humane
Raḍiya (رَّضِىَ) — to be satisfied, content, pleased
Raqi
Rajim
Rabb — (ultimate) Master and Provider; Owner and Sustainer
Rasūl — messenger (sent by the Divine), envoy, emissary, mouthpiece; special type of prophet or angel
Risalah
Ruya
Riyāʾ — showing off
Rujūʿ — revoking, undoing, retracting a divorce
Rūḥ al-Qudus — "holy spirit"
Ruqyah رقية — faith healing, exorcism
Rūḥ روح — spirit
Recent Changes
Rub
Rizq — sustenance; bread and butter
Riḍwān
Rukn ركن — pillar; integral part, core part
Ribā — interest, usury
S
Ṣadaqah صدقة‎ — voluntary charity
Ṣamad
Ṣayḥah — screech, shout, blast
Ṣalāt al-Istikhārah
Ṣalāt al-Jumʿah — Friday prayer
Ṣalāt al-Jumuʿah — Friday prayer gathering
Ṣalāt al-Maghrib — sunset prayer, evening prayer
Ṣalāt al-Sunnah — optional or bonus prayer
Ṣalāt al-Witr صلاة الوتر — odd-numbered prayer
Ṣabr — patience, self-restraint, forbearance, enduring, endurance, fortitude
Ṣaḥābī صحابي — first generation of Muslims
Ṣalāh — ritual prayer, ritual worship, connection ritual
Ṣawm صوم — fasting; self-control over physical urges
Ṣadīq — truthful
Ṣadr — deep in the core, subconscious, breast, chest
Ṣifah صِفَة‎ — quality, feature, characteristic, attribute, trait; adjective
Ṣūrah صورة — form; image, statue, picture
Ṣirāṭ al-Mustaqīm — path of uprightness, straight path
Ṣāḥib — companion, person with
Ṣulḥ — reconciliation
Ṣāliḥ صَٰلِح — the right thing, what is right, morally good, righteous, virtuous, wholesome, good deeds
Saala
Sabaqa
Salat Al Fajr
Salaf al-Saliḥ — pious predecessor, early Muslim
Salafīyah — Salafī reform movement
Salafī
Samāʾ سَمَآء — sky, space, universe?
Sabbaḥa — glorify, celebrate the perfection of
Sajdat al-ʿIbādah سجدة العبادة — prostration of worship
Sajdat al-Taʿẓīm سجدة التعظيم — prostration of respect, prostration of honour
Sajdat al-Tilāwah سجدة التلاوة — prostration of recitation
Sajdah — prostration; bowing down to the ground
Safk al-Dimāʾ سفك الدماء — bloodshed
Sariyah
Sabīl Allāh — direction, path of Allāh
Sakhita
Sakhira سَخِرَ — to ridicule, mock, laugh at
Sabīl — way, road, path
Sawn
Sayyid
Sayyid سيد‎ — master
Salām سلام — peace; greeting of peace
Sūʾ — misdeed, evil, harm, what is wrong
Sāʿah — hour
Shakara — to be grateful, be thankful, appreciate
Shafāʿah — advocating, pleading to the Almighty on another's behalf for forgiveness or for a better result, asking for good things for others, pleading on their behalf
Sharīʿah — divine code, religious code, sacred law
Shakhara
Shahādah شهادة — declaration of faith
Shaykh شيخ, Shaykhah شيخة — an elder, master, expert
Shay
Shams
Shaqi
Shakir
Sharr — evil, bad, harm
Sharḥ شرح — explanation, commentary
Shaqu شَقُ — miserable
Shayṭān — demon, devil, evil creature, evil one
Shāʾa — will
Shīʿah — sect, faction, party, divided group
Siwak
Sūrah سورة — chapter (of the Qurʾān)
Sīrah سيرة — biography, life journey (of the Prophet)
Sinah سِنَة — snooze, nap, doze
Subhan
Sunnah سنة — the example set by the prophet Muḥammad
Shifāʾ
Shākilat
Suhuf Ibrahim
Siḥr سحر — sorcery, demonology
Sur
Shukr
Sirius
Shūrá — counsel, advice, mutual consultation
Shuḥ — stinginess, (selfish) greed
Sāhūn سَاهُون — neglectful, heedless, distracted?
Shirk شِرك — idol worship, polytheism, consider something equal to God, setting up equals to Allāh, attribute to Allah equals
T
Taʿadud al-Zawjāt — polygyny
Taʿālá تعلى — Exalted
Tajassasu to spy, to be nosy
Taṣawwuf تصوف — Sufism, mystical movements within Islam
Tawakkul توكل — trust in Allāh
Talaq
Tawaffā
Taharri
Tahajjud
Tayammum — purification without water
Tawassul توسل — means (of access), way that brings you closer (to something)
Taṭayyur — pessimism, belief in bad omens
Tabia
Taurat
Tabtais
Tawwakul
Tashahhud — testification
Tanhar — repel?
Tawbah توبة — returning to/near (Allāh)
Tariqah
Tazkiyat al-Qalb تزكية لقلب
Tarbiya
Taqiyyah
Tazkīyah — cultivation, purification, growth, development, flourishing
Taqwīm al-Hijrī — Islamic calendar
Tawḥīd al-Rubūbīyah — oneness of Allāh as Owner and Sustainer
Tawḥīd al-Ulūhīyah — (belief in the) oneness of Allāh in the right to be worshipped
Tanzīh تنزيه — beyondness, incomparability, transcendence (of Allāh)
Tari
Tair
Talib
Tawil
Tafsīr — explanation, commentary (of the Qurʾān)
Tafwid
Tajwid
Tahqīq
Taqwá تقوى — God-consciousness, mindfulness of obeying Allāh, watchfulness, spiritual awareness, vigilance , being careful
Tawrāt — the Torah
Tajdīd — renewal, renovation
Taḥrīf تحريف — alteration (of a text)
Takbīr — the phrase ‘Allāhu akbar’
Tasbīḥ تسبيح — mantric prayer
Takfīr تكفير — calling someone a kāfir
Taqlīd — following a trusted authority, an expert
Talāzum تلازم —
Tawfīq — success
Tarāwīḥ تراويح‎ —
Talá تَلَىٰ — to recite
Tawḥīd — (belief in the) pure oneness of Allāh; absolute monotheism
Thawabit
Thabbat
Thawāb — Reward
Transcendent
Thawb ثَوب — robe
Tābiʿ — Follower, 2nd generation of Muslims
Test
Ṭay al-Arḍ — teleportation
Ṭahārah — purification, cleanliness, ritual hygiene
Ṭawāf — walking around the Kaʿbah
Ṭaghā — to exceed all bounds, overstep the limits
Ṭumāʾnīnah — peace of mind, (internal) tranquility, stillness, heart's ease
Ṭīn — clay
Ṭāghūt طاغُوت — falsehood; deified symbol, idol, false god, fetish, false object of fandom/worship, self-made god
U
Ummah أمة‎ — global Muslim community, greater community, society
Uṣūl al-Fiqh — Islamic legal theory; principles of understanding the Islamic code
Udhiya
Ustuhzia
Ustādh أستاذ — teacher, master
Uff — word of disrespect
W
Wajala
Wasaṭīyah — moderation
Waḥdat al-Wūjūd — Oneness of Being
Wajh Allāh
Wakīl — manager, guardian
Walī — sage, saintly person, pious person; guardian (of a minor); close ally
Wadi
Waḥī — revelation, divine inspiration
Wazir
Waswās — (continuous) prompting, negative thought, constant chattering
Wuḍūʾ وضوء — ablution; ritual washing (before prayer)
Wird
Wājib — required; practically mandatory
Wizīr وزير‎ — minister
Wujūd — existence, being, finding, coming across, perception, awareness, consciousness
Y
Yatafakkaru
Yaisa
Yajhalu
Yawm ʿArafah — Day of ʿArafah
Yawm al-Ākhir
Yawm al-Dīn — Day of Accountability
Yawm al-Qiyāmah — Day of Rising
Yahdharu
Yatīm يتيم — orphan, someone who is not provided for
Yaus
Yawm يوم — day; time period, stage, event, moment
Yaqīn — certainty, sureness, firmness
Yantiqu
Yakhruṣu — to randomly guess, to make (wild) guesses
Yaḥzun — to be sad, worry, complain, disappoint, distress, grieve
Yasīr — simple, easy
Yāʾjūj wa-Māʾjūj — the tribes of Gog and Magog
Yudabbiru
Yukallifu
Z
Zakāh — wealth purification
Zabūr — the Book of David, Psalms?
Zaqqum
Zawj — significant other, mate, spouse, life partner, one of a pair
Zāda — give more
Zill
Zikr
Zinā زنا‎ — inappropriate sexual activity, sexual misconduct, forbidden sexual activity, casual sexual encounters, sex outside marriage
Ẓanna — to assume, speculate
Ẓulumāt ظلمات — darkness, depression
Ẓālim — wrongdoer, abuser, oppressor
i
iʿrāḍ — desertion, indifference?
y
yaʿtadhiru — to make excuses
m
maʿāsh مَعَاش — livelihood
w
walīmah — marriage banquet, wedding dinner, wedding feast, reception
wasīlah وسيلة — means
s
sakīnah — stillness, tranquility
t
taqlīb al-fikr — thinking outside the box
r
rahbānīyah رَهْبَانِيَّة — monasticism
f
farsh — meat
q
qarīn — personal demon
n
najwā — secret talk, private conversation
y
yalmizu — to criticize, find fault
Shīʿat ʿAlī — party of ʿAlī, faction of ʿAlī
s
sāʾa — to trouble, hurt, make it hard
n
niʿmah نِعْمَة — bounty, favour, gift, blessing
g
goading, urges, stimulation, provocation, incitements
n
non-Arabic
k
khātam al-nabiyīn خَاتَمَ النَّبِيِّينَ — Seal of the Prophets
t
to make equal, proportion, balance,
jīm hamza rā — to complian, cry for help?
s
sūq — bazaar, marketplace
jīm zāy ʿayn (ج ز ع) — to complain? show intolerance? distressed?
l
lughūb — fatigue, weariness
p
poor
z
zuhd زُهد — asceticism, detachment
ت
تربية
s
suḥūr — pre-dawn meal
siḥāq — lesbianism
success
jāthimīn
q
qānit — obedient