- women-only space, safe space for women
- privacy of a woman’s home
- private family space
(harem) refers to the part of the house in which women are protected from encounters with non-maḥram males. In this section of the house are not just wives but also daughters, sisters, and mothers; by extension ḥarīm can euphemistically refer to the family in general, in greetings and inquiries as to health.