Islamic concepts

Jāhada — to put in full effort, do extra effort, strive, endeavour, struggle, try really hard

جَاهَدَ
verb
ALA-LC
IPA

Allāh’s Messenger ﷺ said, ‘…the best jihād is the one who strives against their own self for Allāh the Mighty and the Majestic.’ (reported by ʿAbd Allāh Bin Amr in Tabaranī)

  • ‘O you who have believed, bow and prostrate and worship your Lord and do good - that you may succeed. And strive for Allah with the striving due to Him. He has chosen you and has not placed upon you in the religion any difficulty. [It is] the religion of your father, Abraham. Allah named you "Muslims" before [in former scriptures] and in this [revelation] that the Messenger may be a witness over you and you may be witnesses over the people. So establish prayer and give zakah and hold fast to Allah. He is your protector; and excellent is the protector, and excellent is the helper.’ (22:78-79)

jahd (جَهْد) strongest

jihād (جِهَاد) struggle, striving, putting extra effort, endeavour

mujāhidīn (مُجَٰهِدِين) struggler, striver, endeavourer

Jihād comes from the verb Jāhada, which means: to strive, to struggle, to endeavour, to try really hard. The opposite of Jihād is Kasal (laziness, idleness).

try the very best you can, exert yourself as much as you can, to exert all your efforts

struggle as is worthy of Allāh

sabīlillāh: for the sake of Allāh, in the direction of Allah

Some people mistakenly equate Jihād to warfare, but Allāh actually uses other words in the Qurʾān for this:

Uses in the Qurʾān

For example, Allāh mentions parents who endeavour to make their Muslim children return to worshipping idols:

  • And We have enjoined upon man goodness to parents. But if they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them. To Me is your return, and I will inform you about what you used to do. (Qurʾān 29:8)
  • But if they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them but accompany them in [this] world with appropriate kindness and follow the way of those who turn back to Me [in repentance]. Then to Me will be your return, and I will inform you about what you used to do. (Qurʾān 31:15)

facing up to challenge and adversity

22:38-40

Love your enemy 60:7-9

http://www.faithinallah.org/ibn-al-qayyim-the-categories-of-jihad-struggle-for-the-sake-of-allah/

http://www.themodernreligion.com/jihad/jihad-explained.html http://www.themodernreligion.com/jihad/jihad-misunderstood.html http://kalamullah.com/Books/MashariAl-AshwaqilaMasarial-Ushaaq-RevisedEdition.pdf