focus, quality, attention
Khushūʿ خشوع — awe (in ritual prayer)
khashyah quality and focus (in ritual prayer)
Ibn al-Qayyim defined Khushu as a state “. . . when the heart feels aware and humble before the greatness and glory of Allah, and is filled with awe, fear and shyness . . .” (Al-Rooh, p. 314).