|romanization||nabīyūn or anbiyāʾ|
A Nabī is a human being who receives revelation from Allāh.
selected by Allāh to inform and communicate the message of Allāh’s Oneness to their people.
Difference between prophet and messenger
A messenger is a special kind of prophet.
Generally speaking, prophets affirm the same divine code as the previous messenger, whereas a messenger comes with new divine code. Prophets are sent to nations that are waiting for them and wanting to accept them, whereas messengers are initially rejected by their people.
Sent to every nation
A Ḥadīth tells us that Allāh sent about 124,000 prophets to humanity, with Muḥammad ﷺ being the very last.
The five most majestic revelations.
The Qurʾān gives the names of 24 (or 25) prophets:
- Ādam — Adam, the first human being
- Idrīs — possibly Enoch
- Nūḥ — Noah, messenger to Noah’s people
- Hūd — messenger to people of ʿĀd
- Ṣāliḥ — messenger to people of Thamūd
- Ibrāhīm — Abraham
- Lūṭ — Lot, messenger to Sodom and Gomorrah
- Ismāʿīl (Ishmael)
- Is′ḥāq (Isaac)
- Yaʿqūb (Jacob), also known as Isrāʾīl (Israel)
- Yūsuf — Joseph, son of Jacob
- Ayyūb — Job
- Shuʿayb (Jethro)
- Mūsá (Moses)
- Hārūn (Aaron)
- Dhū al-Kifl — possibly Ezekiel
- Dāwūd — David, father of Solomon
- Sulaymān (Solomon)
- Ilyās — Elijah, messenger to the Baʿl worshippers
- Alyasaʿ — Elisha, successor of Elijah
- Yūnus — Jonah
- Zakarīyā — Zechariah, father of John the Baptist
- Yaḥyá (John the Baptist)
- ʿĪsá (Jesus)
from Qisas Al-Anbiya (Stories of the Prophets)
Maybe simply saintly people
- Hābīl (Abel) هابيل
- Ṣamūʾīl — Samuel
- Luqmān لقمان
- Khiḍr — the Green One
- Dhū al-Qarnayn
- Three prophets of the town: in chapter 36
- ʿUzayr (Ezra) عزير
- Isaiah أشعياء
- Jeremiah إرميا
- Zechariah, son of Berekiah