Islamic concepts

al-Qurʾān القرآن‎ — the Qurʾān, the Recital, the Recitation


6236 verses

The word Qurʾān literally means ‘recitation, something you read out loud’. The Qurʾān is the central holy book and the #1 source and authority in Islam.

Muslims regard the Qurʾān as the exact words the Divine revealed to the prophet Muḥammad ﷺ. It has been preserved for centuries, both in writing and by countless memorizers.

Original in Classical Arabic. Any translation is at best a dumbed down rendering.

asbab al—nuzul (historical context), al—nasikhwa’l mansukh (harmony of laws), gharib al-Qur’an (linguistic obscurities), qira’at (variant readings), fm]? (grammar), isti’arat (metaphors), bada’i' (rhetorical excellences) and i"jaz (divinely ordained inimitability).

ijaz succinct style



We believe the Qurʾān was revealed by Allāh (swt) to the prophet Muḥammad ﷺ over 23 years of his life.

17:106 gradual

. As such the Qurʾān is the central text and #1 source in Islam.

is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims consider the verbatim word of God[1] (Arabic: الله‎, Allah) and the Final Testament, following the Old and New Testaments.[2][3] It is regarded widely as the finest piece of literature in the Arabic language.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10] The Quran is divided into 114 suras of unequal length which are classified either as Meccan or Medinan depending upon their place and time of revelation.[11]

Muslims believe the Quran to be verbally revealed through angel Jibrīl (Gabriel) from God to Muhammad gradually over a period of approximately twenty-three years beginning in 610 CE, when Muhammad was forty, and concluding in 632 CE, the year of his death.[1][12][13] Muslims further believe that the Qur'an was precisely memorized, recited and exactly written down by Muhammad's companions (Sahaba) after each revelation was dictated by him.[citation needed]

Related concepts

  • Tajwīd correct pronunciation of the Qurʾān

The Qurʾān consists of 114 chapters. The shortest has 3 verses? and the longest has 286.

The Qurʾān is the central holy book in Islam.

Chronological order

The traditional order of the chapters is roughly from the longest to the shortest. For a beginner, however, it’s easier to study the chapters in the order Allāh (swt) revealed them to Muḥammad ﷺ, as listed below.

verse about some passages being clear to all and others being debatable, more than one interpretation. people who want to create trouble focus on the debatable ones. debating this is not useful.

Names of the Qurʾān

  • kitāb mutashābih mathānī: a consistent Book wherein is reiteration 39:23
  • al-Huda (guide)
  • al-Kitab (book)
  • al-Dhikr (reminder)

(23. Allah has sent down the Best Statement, a Book, its parts resembling each other, (and) oft-repeated. The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it. Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allah. That is the guidance of Allah. He guides therewith whom He wills; and whomever Allah sends astray, for him there is no guide.)