Islamic concepts

Ramaḍān رمضان‎ — month of fasting and self-control

O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) self-restraint, (fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed number (should be made up) from days later. For those who can do it (with hardship), is a ransom, the feeding of one that is indigent. But he that will give more, of his own free will, it is better for him. And it is better for you that ye fast, if ye only knew. (Qurʾān 2:183-184)

Ramaḍān is a sacred month in the Islamic lunar calendar. Because a lunar year is only about 354.37 days long, Ramaḍān takes place 10 to 12 days earlier every year.

2012Jul 20 to Aug 18
2013Jul 9 to Aug 7
2014Jun 28 to Jul 27
2015Jun 18 to Jul 16

Ramaḍān becomes a time of reflection, prayer.

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http://www.esscr.org/g204_3.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sawm_of_Ramadan

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