Islamic concepts

Sajdah — prostration; bowing down to the ground

سَجْدَةْ سُجُوْدْ
noun singular plural
romanization sajdah sujūd
pronunciation ˈsædʒdæh sʊˈdʒuud
  • Do you not see that to Allāh prostrates whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth and the sun, the moon, the stars, the mountains, the trees, the moving creatures and many of the people? (Qurʾān 22:18)

Do you not see that to Allah prostrates whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth and the sun, the moon, the stars, the mountains, the trees, the moving creatures and many of the people? But upon many the punishment has been justified. And he whom Allah humiliates? - for him there is no bestower of honor. Indeed, Allah does what Allah wills.

verb: Sajada (سَجَدَ) instance noun (ism al-marrah): sajdah (سجدة) a prostration infinitive (masdar): (سجود) "to prostrate" or "prostating"

Sajdah is the position of kneeling face down, of bowing with your face to the ground. It expresses deep humbleness. It is the humblest position the human body can enter.

There are three types of prostration in Islam:

  1. Sajdat al-ʿIbādah — prostration of worship (to Allāh)
  2. Sajdat al-Tilāwah — prostration of recitation
  3. Sajdat al-Taʿẓīm — prostration of respect (to someone’s magnificence)
  4. Sajdat al-Shukr — prostration of thankfulness
  5. Sajdat al-Sahw — prostration of absent-mindedness

sujuud of salah, sujuud of forgetting, sujuud of recitation, sujuud of thanks