- no food
- no drink
- no sexual activity
Maintaining Ṣawm during Ramaḍān is the fourth Pillar of Islam.
is willpower taqwá? brings Taqwa, awareness of how spoiled we are, awareness of world hunger . ach Muslims patience and self-control, and to remind them of the less fortunate in the world.
Children before the onset of puberty
they should donate the amount of a normal person's diet for each day missed if they are financially capable.