Islamic concepts

Ṭahārah — purification, cleanliness, ritual hygiene

طَهَاْرَةْ
noun
ALA-LC ṭahārah
IPA tˤɑˈhæærɑh

In English, we have a saying that ‘cleanliness is next to godliness.’

Likewise, the prophet Muḥammad (Allāh bless him and grant him peace) taught that ‘cleanliness is half of faith’ (reported in Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim). There is literally no such thing as a dirty Muslim.

  • “And if you are unclean, purify yourselves.” 5:6
  • “Allah loves those who purify themselves.” 9:108

Hygiene rituals

  • Wuḍūʾ: ablution; ritual washing of the hands, face, forearms and feet (before prayer)
  • Ghusl: ritual shower; full ritual washing of the body (e.g. after marital relations)
  • Tayammum: purification without water; a substitute for Wuḍūʾ if no clean water is available nearby
  • Wiping socks
  • Istinjāʾ: pouring water over your private parts after using the bathroom