Islamic concepts

Ẓālim — wrongdoer, abuser, oppressor

  • ẓulm: unfair treatment, injustice, wrongdoing

Verb Ẓalama

one who uses force unjustly

tyrant, aggressor, oppressor, unjust, bully?

despot, totalitarian?


Fight them until there is no more persecution, and worship is devoted to God. If they cease hostilities, there can be no [further] hostility, except towards Ẓalims (aggressors, those who use force unjustly). 2:193

Ẓalama — to wrong, treat unfairly, oppress, mistreat, abuse

Then it was said to her, ‘Enter the hall,’ but when she saw it, she thought it was a deep pool of water, and bared her legs. Solomon explained, ‘It is just a hall paved with glass,’ and she said, ‘My Lord, I have wronged myself: I devote myself, with Solomon, to God, the Lord of the Worlds.’ 27:44

ẓālim — oppressor, wrongdoer