The Qurʾān

Chapter 89: al-Fajr — Dawn

Verse 1

Abdel Haleem By the Daybreak,
Yusuf Ali By the break of Day
W. Khan By the Dawn,
M. Sarwar By the dawn,

Verse 2

Abdel Haleem by the Ten Nights,
Yusuf Ali By the Nights twice five;
W. Khan by the Ten Nights,
M. Sarwar by the Ten (secret) Nights,

Verse 3

Abdel Haleem by the even and the odd,
Yusuf Ali By the even and odd (contrasted);
W. Khan by the even and the odd,
M. Sarwar by the odd and even (8th and 9th Dhil-hajj)

Verse 4

Abdel Haleem by the passing night––
Yusuf Ali And by the Night when it passeth away;-
W. Khan and by the passing night,
M. Sarwar and by the night when it moves on towards daybreak (reward and retribution in the next life is an absolute reality).

Verse 5

Abdel Haleem is this oath strong enough for a rational person?
Yusuf Ali Is there (not) in these an adjuration (or evidence) for those who understand?
W. Khan is there not in this strong evidence for a man of sense?
M. Sarwar Is this not a sufficient oath for intelligent people?

Verse 6

Abdel Haleem Have you [Prophet] considered how your Lord dealt with [the people] of 'Ad,
Yusuf Ali Seest thou not how thy Lord dealt with the 'Ad (people),-
W. Khan Have you not heard of how your Lord dealt with the tribe of ‘Ad,
M. Sarwar (Muhammad), consider how your Lord dealt with the tribe of Ad,

Verse 7

Abdel Haleem of Iram, [the city] of lofty pillars,
Yusuf Ali Of the (city of) Iram, with lofty pillars,
W. Khan the people of Iram, the city of many pillars,
M. Sarwar the people of the huge columned city of Eram

Verse 8

Abdel Haleem whose like has never been made in any land,
Yusuf Ali The like of which were not produced in (all) the land?
W. Khan the like of which has never been created in the land,
M. Sarwar whose like has never been created in any other land.

Verse 9

Abdel Haleem and the Thamud, who hewed into the rocks in the valley,
Yusuf Ali And with the Thamud (people), who cut out (huge) rocks in the valley?-
W. Khan and with the Thamud, who cut out [huge] rocks in the valley,
M. Sarwar (Also consider how He dealt with) the Thamud, who carved their houses out of the rocks in the valley.

Verse 10

Abdel Haleem and the mighty and powerful Pharaoh?
Yusuf Ali And with Pharaoh, lord of stakes?
W. Khan and with Pharaoh of the stakes?
M. Sarwar (Also consider the people of) the Pharaoh who victimized people by placing them on the stake,

Verse 11

Abdel Haleem All of them committed excesses in their lands,
Yusuf Ali (All) these transgressed beyond bounds in the lands,
W. Khan All of them committed excesses in their lands,
M. Sarwar led rebellious lives,

Verse 12

Abdel Haleem and spread corruption there:
Yusuf Ali And heaped therein mischief (on mischief).
W. Khan and caused much corruption in them:
M. Sarwar and spread much corruption in the land.

Verse 13

Abdel Haleem your Lord let a scourge of punishment loose on them.
Yusuf Ali Therefore did thy Lord pour on them a scourge of diverse chastisements:
W. Khan so your Lord unleashed on them the scourge of punishment:
M. Sarwar Thus, your Lord afflicted them with torment;

Verse 14

Abdel Haleem Your Lord is always watchful.
Yusuf Ali For thy Lord is (as a Guardian) on a watch-tower.
W. Khan for, indeed, your Sustainer is ever on the watch!
M. Sarwar your Lord keeps an eye on (all evil-doing people).

Verse 15

Abdel Haleem [The nature of] man is that, when his Lord tries him through honour and blessings, he says, ‘My Lord has honoured me,’
Yusuf Ali Now, as for man, when his Lord trieth him, giving him honour and gifts, then saith he, (puffed up), "My Lord hath honoured me."
W. Khan As for man, when his Lord tests him, through honour and blessings, he says, ‘My Lord has honoured me,’
M. Sarwar As for the human being, when his Lord tests him, honors him, and grants him bounty, he says, "God has honored me".

Verse 16

Abdel Haleem but when He tries him through the restriction of his provision, he says, ‘My Lord has humiliated me.’
Yusuf Ali But when He trieth him, restricting his subsistence for him, then saith he (in despair), "My Lord hath humiliated me!"
W. Khan but when He tests him by straitening his means of livelihood, he says, ‘My Lord has disgraced me.’
M. Sarwar However, when his Lord tests him by a measured amount of sustenance , he says, "God has disgraced me".

Verse 17

Abdel Haleem No indeed! You [people] do not honour orphans,
Yusuf Ali Nay, nay! but ye honour not the orphans!
W. Khan No indeed, but you show no kindness to the orphan,
M. Sarwar (Since wealth does not necessarily guarantee everlasting happiness) then why do you not show kindness to the orphans,

Verse 18

Abdel Haleem you do not urge one another to feed the poor,
Yusuf Ali Nor do ye encourage one another to feed the poor!-
W. Khan nor do you urge one another to feed the poor,
M. Sarwar or urge one another to feed the destitute?

Verse 19

Abdel Haleem you consume inheritance greedily,
Yusuf Ali And ye devour inheritance - all with greed,
W. Khan and you greedily devour the inheritance of the weak,
M. Sarwar Why do you take away the inheritance of others indiscriminately

Verse 20

Abdel Haleem and you love wealth with a passion.
Yusuf Ali And ye love wealth with inordinate love!
W. Khan and you have a love of wealth which can never be satisfied.
M. Sarwar and why do you have an excessive love of riches?

Verse 21

Abdel Haleem No indeed! When the earth is pounded to dust, pounded and pounded,
Yusuf Ali Nay! When the earth is pounded to powder,
W. Khan No indeed! When the earth is crushed and ground to dust,
M. Sarwar When the earth is crushed into small pieces

Verse 22

Abdel Haleem when your Lord comes with the angels, rank upon rank,
Yusuf Ali And thy Lord cometh, and His angels, rank upon rank,
W. Khan when your Lord comes down with the angels, rank upon rank,
M. Sarwar and (when you find yourself) in the presence of your Lord and the rows and rows of angels, your greed for riches will certainly be of no avail to you.

Verse 23

Abdel Haleem when Hell is that Day brought near- on that Day man will take heed, but what good will that be to him then?
Yusuf Ali And Hell, that Day, is brought (face to face),- on that Day will man remember, but how will that remembrance profit him?
W. Khan and Hell is made to appear on that Day, then man will be mindful, but what will being mindful then avail him?
M. Sarwar On that day, hell will be brought closer and the human being will come to his senses, but this will be of no avail to him.

Verse 24

Abdel Haleem He will say, ‘Would that I had provided for this life to come!’
Yusuf Ali He will say: "Ah! Would that I had sent forth (good deeds) for (this) my (Future) Life!"
W. Khan He will say, ‘Oh, would that I had provided beforehand for my life!’
M. Sarwar He will say, "Would that I had done some good deeds for this life".

Verse 25

Abdel Haleem On that Day, no one will punish as He punishes,
Yusuf Ali For, that Day, His Chastisement will be such as none (else) can inflict,
W. Khan On that Day no one will punish as He punishes,
M. Sarwar On that day the punishment of God and His detention will be unparalleled.

Verse 26

Abdel Haleem and no one will bind as He binds.
Yusuf Ali And His bonds will be such as none (other) can bind.
W. Khan and none can bind with bonds like His!
M. Sarwar And His bonds will be such as none other can bind.

Verse 27

Abdel Haleem ‘[But] you, soul at peace:
Yusuf Ali (To the righteous soul will be said:) "O (thou) soul, in (complete) rest and satisfaction!
W. Khan [But to the righteous, God will say], ‘O soul at peace,
M. Sarwar Serene soul,

Verse 28

Abdel Haleem return to your Lord well pleased and well pleasing;
Yusuf Ali "Come back thou to thy Lord,- well pleased (thyself), and well-pleasing unto Him!
W. Khan return to your Lord, well-pleased, well-pleasing.
M. Sarwar return to your Lord well pleased with him and He will be pleased with you.

Verse 29

Abdel Haleem go in among My servants;
Yusuf Ali "Enter thou, then, among My devotees!
W. Khan Join My servants.
M. Sarwar Enter among My servants

Verse 30

Abdel Haleem and into My Garden.’
Yusuf Ali "Yea, enter thou My Heaven!
W. Khan Enter My Paradise.’
M. Sarwar into My Paradise.